BMW 3 Series E30

since 1983-1994 release

Repair and operation of the car

+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Running gear
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
- 14. Useful tips
   14.2. The changed numbers
   14.3. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
   14.4. Durability of the car
   14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and trailer
   14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
   14.7. Rule 35
   14.8. Choice of the used car
   14.9. Engine oils
   14:10. What needs to be known, changing oil
   14:11. Emergence in deposit oil
   14:12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
   14:13. "Eats" much, but quietly goes
   14:14. It is rather live, than is dead …
   14:15. It is not got - useful tips
   14:16. Visit to car service
   14:17. A gear belt for the gas distribution mechanism drive
   14:18. Wear of pistons
   14:19. Valves
   14:20. Bearings of engines
   14:21. Pollution of the engine
   14:22. As the conditioner works and what to do if it failed
   14:23. Conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
   14:24. Rules of service of the conditioner
   14:25. Antifreeze you should not disturb with antifreeze …
   14:26. What should be known upon purchase of the air filter
   14:27. Engine overheat
   14:28. What should be known to the owner of the car with the injector engine
   14:29. Accumulator
   14:30. Possible malfunctions of the rechargeable battery
   14:31. What to do with the failed generator
   14:32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
   14:33. Catalyst
   14:34. Rub in one - or how to save the catalyst
   14:35. Probuksovochka
   14:36. Features of operation of the brake system
   14:37. Malfunctions of the brake system
   14:38. Brake fluids
   14:39. ABS: natural choice
   14:40. Rims
   14:41. We update rims
   14:42. Scheme of marking of a car tire
   14:43. Metal corrosion
   14:44. Automake-up
   14:45. What creaks?
   14:46. Hatch
   14:47. Safety cushion: troubles or pleasures?
   14:48. We fit well?
   14:49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
   14:50. Why headlights grow dull
   14:51. Galogenka
   14:52. About the correct adjustment of headlights
   14:53. Electric motor
   14:54. From change of the places "composed" nothing changes?


14.4. Durability of the car


Durability of the car in many respects depends on management style, and therefore today we will talk about how we go and as it is not necessary to go if, of course, there is desire to preserve both the car, and money.

Going on the car to work or to a business trip, try to count how many times you should use coupling, the transmission and brakes. So far the car as it should be, seldom to whom comes to mind to pay attention to how these or those governing bodies are used. Of course, it is simple to change, say, till time the erased brake shoes. And here it is already necessary to tinker with replacement of brake drums or disks. And it is absolutely difficult to cope with worn-out details of coupling or the transmission.

Nothing, of course, in the car is eternal. But if you, let us assume, unfairly often use coupling, maneuvering in a dense city stream, and do not remove a leg from a pedal, even standing on the traffic light, the put 80 thousand kilometers of a run the clutch plate will not serve, certainly. Its early replacement will not save situation: in line premature failure of plates of "basket" of coupling and the release bearing which from thoughtless operation of transmission simply "dries" and breaks "basket"...

The same can be told about the transmission. Most "patient" of domestic – the "Zhigulyovsk" transmission is capable "to otjezdit" both 150, and 200 thousand kilometers without repair. But the dashing management of it which is followed by breakthroughs of the lever from one situation in another long before term puts bronze synchronizers out of action. And it, though not the most difficult, but repair. Therefore patient drivers, changing transfers, use a technique "into three accounts", that is as if about themselves speak: "time, two, three" when translating the lever from one situation in another.

Somehow one my acquaintance complained about quality of details of steering of almost new "Zhiguli". Also was why to complain: the car did not run also thirty thousand, and the helmsman, say, a pendulum on wear approached critical line. It turned out that my acquaintance – the big fan under suitable conditions and speed to twirl by a steering-wheel as it is done sometimes on the cross-country terrain. These pirouettes on the road, maybe, and effectively look. But, as they say, in this world it is necessary to pay for everything. Including for harmless, at first sight, "tricks".

However, our "athletes" preferring to take quickly straight away should pay off not only the failing steering and ahead of schedule worn-out rubber. At such style of driving huge loading falls on a drive detail – the elastic coupling, bearings and crosspieces of the driveshaft, a clutch plate, not to mention the engine. No doubt, the modern cars equipped with motors can go some time as sports. But they are not intended for "sports" loadings if, of course, this is not about the "single" car.

What to do if there is nevertheless a need "to tear" the motor – to be chosen on the become limp road or to slip in sand or on ice? Skilled drivers know how to arrive in similar cases: they create the necessary conditions increasing its passability for the car. It is enough to lower a little tires of driving wheels to one atmosphere considerably to improve coupling of wheels with the surface of the dirt road. On the perdneprivodny car surpassing the car of classical configuration in passability, difficult sites of dirt roads overcome, moving a backing.